عنوان مقاله [English]
Drama always had been critical of theatre elements between BC and the end of the 19th century. With the advent of directorial, slack emergence of theatre from literature has begun at the beginning of the 20th century until the second half of the century, paradigms in arts changed and artistic theatre leaned toward performance, following the appearance of performance, promotion of an interdisciplinary approach in arts –which dissolved bordering among performance arts and visual arts, increased tendency to modern technology and numerous pioneer artists encounter with mass media. Nowadays theatre is divided into two categories dramatic and post-dramatic. Post-dramatic theatre assigned space, gesture, image, and sound a more effective role and determined a structure that all composing elements of theatre would be equally important. Moving toward image and sound which didn’t prevail as technical factors of work, but as artists doing work, following the development and increase in electronic and digital features and the presence of sound engineers and designers, presents a new form of dramaturgy based on audio and introduced as dramaturgy of sound. The research aims to study audio and sound in contemporary theatre and to discover new performance elements capability including sonic bodies encountering the audiences with a new form of performance in audio and visual scenes, which is leaned to his or her scenery hearing. What elements does dramaturgy of sound includes, how do sonorous bodies carry out a dramatic act and story (if narrating somehow), and how does the audience comprehend them? The method of this study is descriptive analysis, gathering documentary information and direct observation which live performances, movies, audio tracks, and interviews are cited in direct observation. The findings show that sound is not merely an actor’s tool anymore, but has an entity and self-consistent act in the dramaturgy of sound. Audio sort fundamental is audience hearing act based on the differentiation between listening and hearing and nurturing of his hearing kinds.