عنوان مقاله [English]
Narratology combined with some theories on narration has been remarkably fascinating in the eyes of literary criticism theorists. “Manfred Jahn” is one of the theorists who completed the Focalization Theory from Gerard Genette and presented the Windows of Focalization theory. Focalization Theory in narration is a point of view that the narrator is focused on. Manfred Jahn, in his focalization theory, uses the phrase Windows of Focalization for the happenings and fictional occurrences in the narration. This deduction is seen through a lens that is grasped from the life experiences of the narrator and is called Umwelt. We know that Narratology is conducted in the field of fictional literature but, it seems that analysis of drama with various theories, even if not fully focused on drama, could be a way to understand dramatic works more enhanced. In this research, with a definable and analectic approach, inclined by written library documents with a focus on “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead” by Tom Stoppard, Windows of Focalization was studied in the play’s narration and it was concluded that in the adaptation of the play “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead” from Hamlet, Windows of Focalization in a narration helped to create a new neoclassical narration in the modern world. Changes of the windows of focalization in the narration of “Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead” led the narration to a post-modern view with a deconstructive approach.